How to Extract Unzip tar.gz Files: Step-by-Step Windows and Linux Guide

how to unzip tar.gz

From videos to entire software packages, many files are compressed and stored using the .tar.gz format. While extracting a .tar.gz file isn’t quite as easy as unzipping a .zip, it’s still pretty straightforward. On a fresh CentOS install, we’ll show you how to install tar.gz files using the traditional method. To create a program, a developer must install around 100 packages.

how to unzip tar.gz

Similar to the previous error, this error occurs when an archive was saved as a .tar despite not being a .tar archive. However, while tools like 7-Zip are free, many more “robust” solutions are only available for a price after a trial period. As a result, we recommend sticking to free (but trustworthy) tools or simply using the command line.

Author’s note✍️

To install a tar file in linux, first ensure that you have the proper permissions to do so. Then, use the tar command to extract the files from the archive. Finally, use the appropriate package manager to install the software. Gzip compression uses a checksum to make sure data integrity. When you extract files from a .tar.gz archive, the checksum is automatically verified to detect & handle any potential data corruption.

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This package is commonly referred to as the “build-essential” package, and it’s also referred to as the “build-standard” package. By copying the tar.gz file to your current directory, you can now access it. As previously stated, this will create a new folder with the file name but no extension. Unlike Windows’ convenient graphical user interface (GUI) for unzipping .zip files, you’ll need to use the tar utility through the command line.

The.tar file can be downloaded and then placed in the directory where you want to install it. To move a file from current directory to /opt directory, launch the terminal and navigate to /opt directory. Following that, download the tar file and create a repository that you own as owner.

  1. Some third-party tools also offer extended flexibility for converting between file types‌, saving more time if you want to change between compression formats.
  2. The -list (-t) option will output a list of filenames.
  3. While every tar.gz file is a .tar archive, not every .gz is a .tar file.

Again, the above commands will extract to the current working directory by default. You can use the -C option to extract to a different directory (in this case, /home/user/files). Most Linux distributions and macOS include built-in tools for zipping and unzipping .tar and .tar.gz files.

How To Install Tar Xz In Kali Linux

As we’ll see in the next section, .tar comes with a few extra features that make it the better compression format for certain files and applications. This compression is lossless – that means no data is lost during the compression process, and the original files can be fully restored upon extraction. Choose Extract Here to extract files to the archive folder.

With the command prompt open, use the appropriate commands to change the current working directory (cd) to the location of the .tar.gz file you want to unzip. Alternatively, you can also specify a source and destination file path when using the tar utility. For sending and storing, both .zip and .tar.gz files will allow you to send relatively large packages as a single file. However, there are some pretty major differences when it comes to accessing data within the files and the compression efficiency.

how to unzip tar.gz

If you try to extract a file that does not exist, the following error message will appear. While every tar.gz file is a .tar archive, not every .gz is a .tar file. The .gz extension represents the gzip compression format, which can be applied to almost any file format to compress data and save space. As we’ll see later, different compression utilities may require different methods for extracting and unzipping files. Though we’ll mostly focus on .tar.gz files, check out the end of the article for some quick tips on extracting .tar files in other formats. Where .zip files consist of many individually compressed files, .tar files are compressed as a single package, leaving its files uncompressed.

Extract Files to the Specific Directory

If the command line isn’t your thing, there are plenty of user-friendly tools available to unzip tar.gz files. If you want to keep the original file after compression, there are two options. The first is the -k option, and the other uses the -c option to output the compressed file to a different file, preserving the original. You can just as easily unzip the resulting .tar.gz file with the decompress (-d) option. Thankfully, you don’t need to be a 1960s computer technician to use and extract .tar files – nor do modern .tar files even have anything to do with old computers. In this guide, you will learn how to extract or unzip .tar.gz files in Linux.

How to Extract/Unzip .tar.gz Files: Step-by-Step Windows and Linux Guide

Note that this command will throw an error unless you specify the exact filename listed in the .tar file. As we’ll cover more in the next section, you can verify file names by listing contents with the tar -tf filename.tar.gz command. But with .zip being the easier of the two to use, why use .tar in the first place?

How to Extract .tar.gz File in Windows

These files can be used in incremental backup strategies – where only new or modified files are added to the archive. Gzip compression reduces the overall file size, which makes it more efficient for distribution, backup, and storage purposes. It just bundles files & directories together while preserving their file structure and metadata. This means it takes all the specified files and puts them together into one container. It usually doesn’t come preinstalled in older Windows systems.

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